Divorced. Beheaded. Died. Divorced. Beheaded. Survived.
Yes, in the 1st six terms of Olivier Award–nominated musical Six, the fate is learned by us of each of Henry VIII’s spouses. But exactly how much do you realize about their everyday lives?
Writers Toby Marlow and Lucy Moss dug to the reputation for Tudor England as well as the court that is royal the words for their pop music opera, and greater historical knowledge means greater appreciation associated with the nuances in Marlow and Moss’ writing. Listed here are the CliffsNotes to assist you navigate this chapter in Uk history.
Catherine of Aragon Queen from 1509–1533The “paragon of royalty” ended up being the very first spouse of Henry VIII. A spanish princess, she ended up being the child of Isabelle and Ferdinand, hence the Latin beats and Spanish trumpets in her own Six solo “No Way.” Catherine first married Arthur (Henry’s older sibling and heir obvious into the English throne) in 1501 whenever she ended up being 15. But five months after their wedding, Arthur passed away. Arthur’s dad almost needed to get back her dowry, but a King would not spend money—or European alliances. He married her down to their younger son, Henry VIII, in 1509, though Henry had been 5 years her junior. She faithfully served England, ruling as regent in 1513 whenever Henry had been away in France. But once she neglected to create a male heir, things got complicated. Together with her 5th pregnancy, Catherine provided delivery to Mary (the long term Mary we of England), but Henry became preoccupied with siring a kid. He became believing that their wedding to their brother’s widow ended up being cursed by Jesus, or, as Catherine sings, “You state it is a pity ‘cause quoting Leviticus ‘I’ll find yourself kidiless all my entire life.’”
It’s commonly thought he utilized the Bible as a reason to divorce the princess that is spanish a plan to marry her woman in waiting, Anne Boleyn. Catherine had been furious he cast her apart; she had tolerated their affairs (“I’ve never destroyed control in spite of how several times we knew you lied”) as any Queen had been anticipated. More over, Catherine maintained that she had never ever consummated her wedding to Arthur—so that is the wedding that has been null. Complicated, we all know. While the track indicates, Catherine refused an annulment, claiming until her death that she had been the rightful Queen. Catherine ended up being provided for a” that is“nun-ry ultimately relocated to The greater Castle. She passed away in 1536 in the chronilogical age of 50, nevertheless keeping she had been the sole wife that is legitimate of VIII.
Anne Boleyn Queen from 1533–1536Though affairs amongst the King and his Queen’s feamales in waiting were common and anticipated, nobody expected him to go out of Catherine to wed Anne—the sis of his mistress that is former that. Anne was raised during the court for the Queen of France before coming back home to England to become listed on the court that is royal.
Anne Boleyn is frequently depicted due to the fact devious spouse, presumably plotting to dethrone Catherine—unsatisfied to be just a mistress, “some woman in a threesome.” Henry and Anne married in key January 25, 1533; they got the Archbishop to declare Henry’s wedding to Catherine null along with his marriage that is new to valid—thus breaking through the Catholic Church and starting the Church of England. Anne ended up being crowned queen June 1, 1533; she quickly offered delivery to a woman, the near future Elizabeth we. But after three miscarriages, Henry took a brand new mistress: Jane Seymour. Needing a real option to rid himself of Anne, Henry reported that Anne had bewitched him as he had been hitched to Catherine. Anne maybe flirted with a few men “just to create him jel,” but that merely resulted in accusations of incest and adultery. She was beheaded during the Tower of London may 15, 1536, at age 35.
Fun reality: Historians think Henry VIII had written “Greensleeves” for Anne Boleyn, who he had been wanting to woo. Ergo, the techno remix of “Greensleeves” in “Ex-Wives.”
Jane Seymour Queen from 1536–1537Just as Anne Boleyn overtook the girl she served, Jane Seymour was a lady-in-waiting to Queen Anne, after serving Queen Catherine. Henry VIII became betrothed to Jane one after Anne’s execution day. Jane provided delivery up to a son, Edward, in 1537 and died two weeks later of postnatal complications october. Jane is usually regarded as the favourite, as this woman is the sole spouse Henry freely mourned while the just one to get a queen’s funeral, and that’s why her song in Six is considered the most such as a energy ballad—even if it she sings that “without my son your love could fade away.” Henry VIII ended up being fundamentally hidden beside her at Windsor Castle.
Anne of Cleves Queen from January 1540–July 1540Anne of Cleves lasted just sixth months as Queen, but she kept her mind. Musician Hans Holbein younger went along to Germany to paint Anne and her sibling, as Henry VIII considered which may be their 4th spouse. (We read about these travels in “Haus of Holbein.”)
However when Anne arrived after her portrait, Henry felt she “didn’t didn’t appearance like her profile image.” She revealed a basic not enough elegance, “sippin’ on mead and I also spill it back at my dress,” which additionally displeased the royal. Fundamentally, the master made excuses for their displeasure along with her and discovered another reason to be rid of her, saying there is no chance she had been a virgin if they wed. Issued an annulment, Anne remained in favor because of the King and frequently checked out court through the reigns regarding the last two queens. She passed away in 1557.
Catherine Howard Queen from 1540–1541Catherine, better referred to as Kitty, had been very very long the thing of intimate attention as recommended in “All You Wanna Do.” She had been molested by her music instructor, Henry Mannox, when he ended up being 36 ( perhaps maybe not 23 as Six states) and she 13. At 15, she relocated together with her grandmother, “the dowager Duchess,” and became fans with “sexy secretary” Francis Dereham—an event that could started to haunt her later on. Her grandmother discovered the affair and delivered her to your Tudor court.
Like her relative, Anne Boleyn, she served as a lady-in-waiting however in the court of Anne of Cleves. The master ended up being 49 years old as he married the 16-year-old. However the gossips at court—some of who had witnessed Dereham—quickly spread word to her behavior that Catherine had been committing adultery behind Henry’s straight straight straight back with Henry’s courtier Thomas Culpeper. Culpepper, Dereham, and Catherine had been all performed (Dereham had been drawn and quartered). Catherine, beheaded February 13, 1542, ended up being buried in a grave that is unmarked.
Catherine Parr Queen from 1543-1547The last spouse of Henry VIII lived in constant concern about her very own execution. Ahead of her wedding to King Henry VIII, she had two past husbands and ended up being widowed both in instances. She had dropped in deep love with Thomas Seymour (Jane’s sibling) before she caught the optical attention associated with the King. Plus in “I Don’t Need Your Love,her alone to save them both from the King’s wrath and certain death” she pleads with Thomas to leave.
By the time she wed Henry, he had been 52 and in sick health.
Catherine ingratiated herself into the master by becoming a mom to their three kids: Catherine of Aragon’s Mary, Anne Boleyn’s Elizabeth, and Jane Seymour’s Edward. She actually is the one who restored Mary and Elizabeth’s royal standing so that they might come in the type of succession.
During her reign, Catherine had been the very first queen of England and Ireland; she ended up being additionally the queen most abundant in urgent link influence that is diplomatic Catherine of Aragon, as she served as regent whenever Henry traveled to France once more. Catherine had been an advocate of reformation within the Church, Protestantism. In fact, she published publications on prayer inside her name—and that is own was very very first Queen of England to take action. That she“fought for female training. therefore it’s real” Before Henry VIII passed away 28, 1547, he instructed that she be respected as the Queen of England even after his death—which is what happened january. She stepped down through the throne whenever Prince Edward, Jane Seymour’s son, had been prepared to ascend in 1547. This time around, she had been the main one to re-marry, to gentleman regarding the court Thomas Seymour. She passed away 5, 1548 september.